The head of the National Institute of Nutrition and Food Industry Research announced: Proper nutrition during pregnancy should be based on the three principles of adequacy, balance and variety, that is, during the day in a sufficient and balanced way and in a variety of ways to use all food groups in nutrition during pregnancy..
According to the National Institute of Nutrition and Food Industry Research, Dr. Jalaluddin Mirzai Razaz referred to the general recommendations for pregnancy and said: During pregnancy, there should be a balanced and varied diet that uses all food groups in sufficient amounts.. Because weight control is important in this period.
He added: Along with meals during pregnancy, be sure to include dairy products including low-fat milk, low-fat yogurt, cheese, low-salt buttermilk and … Also use enough meat in the diet, including meat, poultry and fish.
The head of the Institute of Nutritional Research and Food Industry of the country stated that during pregnancy, foods such as meat should be fully cooked.: Pregnant women should choose rapeseed or canola oil during pregnancy, and of course olive oil along with salads is recommended to prevent and control constipation..
Dr. Razaz added: در دوران بارداری مکمل ها براساس دستور متخصص مصرف و از مصرف زیاد قهوه و مواد غذایی حاوی کافئین شامل نوشابه های سیاه و چای پررنگ پرهیز شود.
She stressed not to smoke during pregnancy and said: Avoid smoking, drugs and alcohol separately during pregnancy. Because the use of these substances can have side effects on the fetus.
The head of the country's Institute for Nutritional Research and Food Industry stated: زنان باردار خود را از استرس و اضطراب تا حد امکان در این دوران دور کنند و فعالیت بدنی سبک همانند پیاده روی را در صورت صلاحدید متخصص زنان، برای حفظ سلامتی و تسهیل زایمان در برنامه روزانه خود قرار دهند.
Dr. Razaz spoke about nutrition during pregnancy: It is important to follow a healthy and varied diet at all times and stages of life, but it is especially important during pregnancy. Considering the physiological condition, gestational age, activity level and personal characteristics, having a proper nutrition for the pregnant mother is absolutely necessary because nutrition affects the health of the pregnant mother and the child..
He added: Proper nutrition during pregnancy should be based on the three principles of adequacy, balance and variety, that is, pregnant mothers should use sufficient and balanced amounts of all food groups in nutrition during pregnancy during the day..
The head of the Institute of Nutritional Research and Food Industry of the country considered proper weight gain, observance of a balanced diet, consumption of appropriate vitamins and minerals, and regular exercise and physical activity important for a healthy pregnancy and said:: Before getting pregnant, bring your weight to the right range as much as possible to gain proper weight during pregnancy and reduce pregnancy complications as much as possible..
Dr. Razaz added: Weight gain during pregnancy should be gradual and uniform and should not be sudden weight gain in the last months of pregnancy. Women gain an average of 11 to 15 pounds during pregnancy; Weight gain during pregnancy is normal and you should not worry. Excess weight provides nutrition for the fetus and some of it is stored to be used for breastfeeding after delivery..
He stated: If your body mass index is high before pregnancy, it is natural that you should gain less weight, and if you become pregnant with malnutrition, adding more than this amount is not a concern..
The head of the Institute of Nutritional Research and Food Industry of the country clarified: Dieting during pregnancy to lose weight or prevent overweight will be harmful for both mother and baby.
Dr. Razaz reminded: Based on the results of various studies, proper weight before pregnancy and proper weight gain during pregnancy using proper and adequate nutrition during pregnancy are two effective ways to prevent low birth weight babies..
It is worth mentioning that in the next article, we will discuss the characteristics of a balanced diet during pregnancy.
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