The head of the National Institute of Nutrition and Food Industry Research announced: Mothers who are overweight before pregnancy are advised to lose at least 10% of their weight to return to normal weight range..
According to the public relations of the Institute of Nutritional Research and Food Industry of the country, Dr. Jalaluddin Mirzai Razaz said about the lifestyle of mothers who intend to become pregnant in the pre-pregnancy period.: زوج هایی که مایل به بچه دار شدن هستند ، آگاهی کمتری دارند که سبک زندگی هر دو آن ها پیش از بارداری روی باروری ، دوره بارداری و همچنین سلامت نوزاد در دوران های دیگر زندگی اش تأثیرگذار خواهد بود. Because factors such as weight to height ratio(BMI)Nutrient intake and nutritional status of the mother during pre-pregnancy can play an important role in maternal health during pregnancy and the health of the developing fetus..
He stated that mothers should reach their appropriate weight as much as possible before becoming pregnant: Your pre-pregnancy weight directly affects your baby's birth weight. Studies show that underweight women are more likely to give birth prematurely and give birth to lower birth weight babies, even if they receive the same amount of normal-weight women during pregnancy..
The head of the Nutrition and Food Industry Research Institute added: Also in overweight women, the risk of complications in pregnancy including gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, cesarean delivery due to high fetal weight (Weight over 4500 grams) It is more and they will have more problems in breastfeeding.
Dr. Razaz continued: Also, infants of obese mothers are more likely to have low Apgar scores at birth than normal infants of normal-weight, macrosomic mothers.(Evaluation of a newborn baby) And childhood obesity. Therefore, mothers who are overweight before pregnancy are advised to lose at least 10% of their weight to return to normal weight..
He said: It is best for a healthy pregnancy and fetal health in other periods of life to control pre-pregnancy weight and be within normal limits..
Nutrition during pre-pregnancy
The head of the Iranian Nutrition Association further referred to pre-pregnancy nutrition and added: For a healthy pregnancy, it is better to have a proper diet before pregnancy and get rid of all macronutrients and micronutrients.(Vitamins and minerals) به مقدار کافی در رژیم غذایی استفاده شود.
Dr. Razaz considered five food groups important in the pre-pregnancy diet: این گروه های غذایی شامل لبنیات( Low-fat or low-fat dairy products that are high in calcium, and milk and milk products, vegetables : A variety of vegetables including dark green, red and orange vegetables and starchy vegetables)، میوه ها : هر میوه یا آب میوه، غلات: Bread, rice, oats, corn flour, barley, macaroni and whole grains and meat: White meat, fish and legumes.
He clarified: Pre-pregnancy mothers should eat healthy fats such as nuts, which contain nutrients, and follow a moderate diet, and avoid solid oils.. Of course, the amount of intake of these food groups in the diet of these people depends on weight and height, eating habits, the presence of disease and… has it.
Consumption of vitamins and minerals before pregnancy
The head of the country's Institute for Nutritional Research and Food Industry told women about folic acid consumption: توصیه می شود از سه ماه قبل از شروع بارداری و در دوران بارداری از مکمل های اسید فولیک مصرف شود. چرا که مصرف اسیدفولیک قبل از بارداری از تولد نوزاد مبتلا به نقص لوله عصبی پیشگیری می کند. Neural tube ( NTDs ) One of the birth defects in this disease is a gap in the spine or skull that remains with the person from birth.. Neural tube defects((spina bifida
دکتر رزاز با بیان اینکه اسیدفولیک طی ۲۸ روز اول پس از حاملگی که بیشتر نقص های لوله عصبی در این زمان رخ می دهد، بیشترین سود را دارد، اظهار داشت: Unfortunately, many women do not realize they are 28 days pregnant. This is why it is important to start taking folic acid before pregnancy.
He added: Strictly recommended for women who are planning and planning a pregnancy, daily intake of 200 to 400 micrograms of folic acid is based on the advice of nutritionists from three months before the start of pregnancy.. Food sources of folic acid are fortified in some green leafy vegetables, broccoli, nuts and seeds, beans, asparagus, citrus fruits, and breakfast cereals.…It is also a folic acid supplement .
The head of the Iranian Nutrition Association said about iron sources in women: Many women are deficient in iron stores due to menstruation and low-iron diets. Good sources of iron include meats such as beef, lamb, poultry such as chicken and turkey, kale greens, eggs, beans, nuts and fortified foods. (Like some breakfast cereals) Is.
Dr. Razaz added: The important point is that it is generally necessary to correct anemia before pregnancy of any kind. The most common type of anemia in the world and in Iran is iron deficiency anemia, especially in women.
He also pointed out: اگر کلسیم کافی در رژیم غذایی بارداری وجود نداشته باشد، جنین ممکن است کلسیم را از استخوان های مادر بیرون بکشد که این امر می تواند زنان را در معرض ابتلا به پوکی استخوان در مراحل بعدی زندگی قرار دهد. Therefore, it is better to check the calcium status before pregnancy.
The head of the Nutrition Research and Food Industry Institute of the country pointed to the consumption of other minerals before pregnancy and said: مصرف ید نیز قبل از بارداری به سلامت جنین کمک خواهد کرد. Due to the prevalence of hypothyroidism, it is best to check the body's iodine status.
Dr. Razaz strongly warned against taking vitamin A supplements or foods and sources rich in vitamin A due to congenital anomalies and added:: Resources traditionally given to empower pregnant women are among these warnings.
He continued: Also, due to the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among women, it is necessary to make sure that this vitamin is sufficient in the body before pregnancy.. Because vitamin D has a great effect on calcium absorption and bone health, and of course, exercise and daily physical activity should be included in a healthy diet..
It is worth mentioning that the issues related to nutrition during pregnancy, lactation, fetal birth, childhood, adolescence, youth, middle age and old age will be published in the next news and will be made available to the public..